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Non-Wood Forest Products

Non-Wood Forest Products

Additional References List 2

This list was kindly lent to us by Klaus Schilder


Redford, K.H., & Mansour J.A.(eds) 1996. Traditional peoples and

biodiversity conservation in large tropical landscapes. The Nature

Conservancy,Arlington, USA.

Richards, M. 1996. Stabilising the Amazon frontier, technology,

institutions and policies. Natural Resources Perspectives. N 10, July 1996.

ODI, London.

Schackleton, C. 1996. Potential stimulation of local rural economies by

harvesting secondary products: a case study from the Transvaal Lowveld,

South Africa. Ambio 25(1):33-38.

Schreckenberg, K. 1996. Forests, fields and markets: a study of indigenous

tree products in the woody savannas of the Bassila region, Benin.

Unpublished PhD thesis, University of London.

Scrivastava, J. Lambert, J. & Vietmeyer N. 1996. Medicinal plants: an

expanding role in development. Technical Paper 320. World Bank,

Washington, D.C.

Sekar C., R.S. Vinaya Rai & C. Ramasamy. 1996. Role of minor forest

products in tribal economy of India: a case study. Journal of Tropical Forest

Science 8(3): 280-288.

Shiva, M.P. & Mathur, R.B. 1996. Management of minor forest produce for

sustainability. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD, New Delhi.

Sidibé, M., Scheuring JF., Tembley, D., Sidibé, MM., Hofman, P. & M. Frigg.

1996. Baobab - homegrown vitamin C for Africa. Agroforestry

Today 8(2): 13-15.

Srivastav P.K., Priya Ranjan & S.S. Sinha. 1996. Conservation of Terminalia

genetic resources: the principal source of non-wood forest products

in India. Forest Genetic Resources N. 24. FAO, Rome.

Stevens, M.L., Bourke, R.M. & Evans B.R. (eds). 1996. South Pacific

Indigenous Nuts. Proceedings of a workshop held from 31 October - 4

November 1994 at Le Lagon Resort, Port Vila, Vanuatu. ACIAR Proceedings No

69, 176 pp.



Promising fruits and vegetables from the Amazon region is a publication

without precedent in the aim to spread useful information about the

Amazon region, carried out by the Pro Tempore Secretariat of the Amazon

Cooperation treaty (ACT) with the technical support of the

FAO/Netherlands project and FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the

Caribbean. This publication was also made possible through funding


The book presents magnificently illustrated information on 52 species of

native fruits and vegetables from the Amazon region. For each of the 52

species selected there is a summary of its potential development in the

region. The genetic and botanical characteristics of each species are

described, together with their present and potential utilization,

nutritional composition and value, ecology and adptability, availability as

a genetic

resource, methods of propagation and agronomical handling, harvesting and

post-harvesting methods, possibilities of industrialization and potential

markets. Contact addresses of specialized persons and institutions are

given in the publication.


Taylor, D. 1996. Herbal Medicine at a Crossroad. Environmental Health

Perspectives. 104(9), 924-928, September 1996.

Taylor, D. 1996. Income generation from non-wood forest products in upland

conservation. FAO Conservation Guide 30. FAO, Rome.

Vabi, M. 1996. Eliciting community knowledge about uses of trees through

participatory rural appraisal methods: examples from Cameroon and

the Central African Republic. Rural Development Forestry Network. Summer

1996. ODI, London.

Van Seters, A.P. 1996. A remedial treasure in our tropical timber yard?

Medicine & Global Survival; vol.2:248-251.

Viana V., Ervin J., Donovan R., Elliott C. & Gholz H. 1996. Certification

of forest products: issues and perspectives. Island Press, Washington D.C.

and Covelo, California.

Villachica, H. (ed.) 1996. Promising fruits and vegetables from the Amazon

Region. PTS-ACT No 44. 450 p. Pro Tempore Secretariat of the Amazon

Cooperation Treaty (ACT), Lima, Peru.

Wass, P. (ed.) 1995. Kenya's indigenous forests: status, management and

conservation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. pp xii + 205.

Webb, G. 1996. Scientists calculate at least 328 new drugs could be

developed from tropical rain forests. HerbalGram 36: 2-3

Williams, V.L. 1996. The Witwaterstrand muti trade, Veld & Flora 82(1):12-14.

Wood Sheldon, J., Balick M.J. & S. Laird. in press. Medicinal plants: can

utilization and conservation coexist? Advances in Economic Botany vol 12.

New York Botanical Garden, New York.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1996. Assessing biodiversity status

and sustainability. WCMC, Cambridge.


FAO Non-Wood Newsletter No. 3


To propose publications to be included in this section, send a message to:

Adger, W.N., Brown, K., Cervigni, R. & Moran, D. 1995. Total economic value

of forests in Mexico. Ambio, 24(5): 286-296.

Ahmed, S. 1995. The multiple uses of the pesticide tree. CERES, 27(5): 4-6.

Amazon Cooperation Treaty. 1994. Los recursos fitogenéticos de cultivos

alimenticios y frutales amazónicos. Lima, Pro tempore Secretariat.

Anon. 1994. Proceedings of a national seminar on non-timber forest

products: medicinal and aromatic plants. Jointly organized by the Ministry of

Forests and Soil Conservation and Herbs Production and Processing Co. Ltd,

Kathmandu, Nepal, 11-12 September 1994.

Anon. 1995a. Bamboo/rattan worldwide. INBAR Newsletter, 3(1): 8-13.

Anon. 1995b. Marketing of multipurpose tree products in Asia. Proceedings

of an international workshop, Baguio City, the Philippines, 6-9 December

1993. APAN Publication.

Bajaj, M. & Williams, J.T. 1995. Healing forests, healing people. Report of

a workshop on medicinal plants, Calicut, India, 6-8 February 1995. New

Delhi, IDRC.

Banik, R.L. 1995. A manual for vegetative propagation of bamboos. INBAR

Techncial Report No. 6. New Delhi, INBAR/FORTIP/BFRI.

Baser, K.H.C., ed. 1995. Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of

Flavours, Fragrances and Essential Oils, Instanbul, Turkey, 15-19

October 1995. Vols 1, 2 and 3. Eskisehir, Turkey.

Baser, K.H.C. & Güler, N., eds. 1993. Proceedings of an International

Conference on Essential Oils for Perfumery and Flavours, Antalya, Turkey,

26-30 May 1990.

Belcher, B. 1995. Bamboo and rattan production-to-consumption systems: a

framework for assessing development options. INBAR Working Paper

No. 4. New Delhi, INBAR.

Berke, P.R. & Beatley, T. 1995. Sustaining Jamaica forest: the protected

areas resources conservation project. Environ. Management, 19(4): 527-545.

Berriane, M. 1995. Tourism development and urbanization of the

Mediterranean coast and environment. MEDIT, 6(2): 19-27.

Bingöl, F. & Sener, B. 1995. A review of terrestrial plants and marine

organisms having anti-inflammatory activity. Int. J. Pharmacognosy, 33(2):


Bourobou, H & Posso, P. 1995. A general survey on the importance of wild

fruit trees in northeastern Gabon. Nature et Faune, 11(3).

Cesaro, L., Linddal, M. & Pettenella, D. 1995. The economic role of

non-wood forest products and services in rural development. MEDIT, 6(2):


Chatterjee, N. 1995. Social forestry in environmentally degraded regions of

India: case study of the Mayurakshi Basin. Environ. Conservation, 22(1):


Clay, J.W. 1995. Generating income and conserving resources: twenty lessons

from the field. Washington, DC, World Wide Fund for Nature.

Clüsener-Godt, M. & Sachs, I., eds. 1994. Extractivism in the Brazilian

Amazon: perspectives on regional development. MAB Digest, 18. Paris, UNESCO.

Cook, F.E.M. 1995. Economic botany data collection standard. Royal Botanic

Gardens, Kew, UK. 146 pp.

Coppen, J.J.W. 1995. Prospects for new gum naval stores production in

sub-Sahelian Africa: an assessment of the pine resources in Malawi,

Zambia, Tanzania and Uganda and their suitability for production of

turpentine and rosin. London, UK, Natural Resources Institute and ODA.

Cox, P.A. 1995. Conservation: indigenous peoples and medicinal plants.

Paper presented at a conference on biodiversity and human health, Washington,

DC, 3-4 April. Bethesda, MD, USA, National Institute of Health.

Crucible Group. 1994. Peoples, plants and patents: the impact of

intellectual property on trade, plant biodiversity and rural society.

Ottawa, IDRC.

100 pp.

Dantas de Araujo, F. 1995. A review of Caryocar brasiliense (Caryocaraceae)

- an economically valuable species of the central Brazilian Cerrados. Econ.

Bot., 49(1): 40-48.

Dove, M. 1995. Political versus techno-economic factors in the development

of non-timber forest products: lessons from a comparison of natural and

cultivated rubbers in Southeast Asia (and South America). Society and

Natural Resources, 8: 193-208.

Dransfied, S. & Widjaja, E.A., eds. Plant resources of Southeast Asia:

bamboos. Leiden, the Netherlands, Backhuys Publishers.

Durriappah, A.K. 1994. A state-of-the- art review on the socio-economics of

the bamboo and rattan sector in Southeast Asia. INBAR Working Paper

No. 1. New Delhi, INBAR. 31 pp.

Durst, P. & Bishop, A., eds. 1995. Beyond timber: social, economic and

cultural dimensions of non-wood forest products in Asia and the Pacific.

Proceedings of a regional expert consultation, 28 November-2 December 1994.

Bangkok, FAO/RAP.

DVL/OS. 1995. Diversidad biológica. Servicio de Información sobre la

Cooperación al Desarrollo. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores. Países Bajos.

Estrella, E. 1995. Plantas medicinales amazónicas: realidades y

perspectivas. Amazon Cooperation Treaty, Pro tempore Secretariat, Lima.

FAO. 1995. Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati and Tuvalu: a review of uses and status

of tree and forests in land-use systems for recommendations for future

actions. Part 1 and annotated checklist of important agroforestry species

of Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati and Tuvalu. Part 2. South Pacific Forestry

Development Programme. Rome.

FAO/RLAC. 1995. Desarrollo de productos forestales no madereros en América

Latina y el Caribe. Santiago, Chile.

Foster, S. 1995. Forest pharmacy: medicinal plants in American forests.

Forest History Society. 64 pp.

Fox, J., Donovan, D., & De Coursey, M. 1995. Voices from the field. Sixth

workshop on community management of forest lands. Honolulu, Hawaii,

East-West Center.

Gnanaharan, R., Janssen, J.J.A. & Arce, O. 1995. Bending strength of Guadua

bamboo: comparison of different testing procedures. INBAR

Working Paper No. 3. New Delhi, INBAR. 24 pp.

González-Tejero, M.R., Martínez-Lirola, M.J., Casares-Porcel, M. &

Molero-Mesa, J. 1995. Three lichens used in popular medicine in eastern

Andalucia (Spain). Econ. Bot. 49(1): 96-98.

González-Tejero, M.R., Molero-Mesa, J., Casares-Porcel, M. &

Martínez-Lirola, M.J. 1995. New contributions to the ethnopharmacology of


J. Ethnopharmacology, 45(3): 157-165.

Grifo, F. 1995. Biodiversity conservation: incentives from biomedicine and

biotechnology. Interciencia, 20(4): 188-193.

Hall, I., Brown, G., Byars, J. & Dimas, N. 1994. The black truffle.

Christchurch, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research Ltd.

Hersch-Martinez, P. 1995. Commercialization of wild medicinal plants from

southwest Puebla, Mexico. Econ. Bot., 49(2): 197-206.

Herzog, F., Farah, Z. & Amadò, R. 1995. Chemical composition and

nutritional significance of wines from the Elaeis guineensis and Borassus


in the V-Baoulé, Côte d'Ivoire. Trop. Sci., 35(1): 30-39.

Hobbs, C. 1994/95. Medicinal mushrooms. Santa Cruz, California, USA,

Botanica Press.

Hussain, M.J. & Doane, D.L. 1995. Socio-ecological determinants of land

degradation and rural poverty in northeast Thailand. Environ. Conservation,

22(1): 44-50.

Hyman, E.L. 1995. Assisting small-scale producers of non-timber forest

products through a subsector approach. Washington, DC, Appropriate Technology

International. (draft)

IFPRI. Proceedings of a Workshop on Non-Timber Tree Products (NTTP) Market

Research, 12-14 December 1994, Annapolis, Maryland, USA.

Washington DC, International Food Policy Research Institute. (in press)

INBAR. 1995. Constraints to production of bamboo and rattan. Report of a

consultative meeting cosponsored by INBAR and Khoday Biotek,

Bangalore, 9-13 May 1994. INBAR Technical Report No. 5. New Delhi, INBAR.

245 pp.

Janssen, J.J.A., Boughton, G., Adkoli, N.S., Ranjan, M.P., Sastry, C.B.,

Ganapathy, P.M., Rao, I.V.R., Ghavami, K. & Ravindran, K. (no date).

Bamboo as an engineering material: an annotated bibliography. Singapore,


Jensen, O.H. & Balslev, H. 1995. Ethnobotany of the fiber palm Astrocaryum

chambira (Arecaceae) in Amazonian Ecuador. Econ. Bot., 49(3):


Juste, J., Fa, J.E., Perez del Val, J. & Castroviejo, J. 1995. Market

dynamics of bushmeat species in Equatorial Guinea. J. Applied Ecol., 32:


Ketsa, S., Klaewkasetkorn, O. & Kosottrakul, M. 1995. Seasonal changes in

fruit quality of rambutans in retail markets in Thailand. Trop. Sci., 35(3):


King, S.R. & Carlson, T.J. 1995. Biocultural diversity, biomedicine and

ethnobothany: the experience of Shaman pharmaceuticals. Interciencia, 20(4):


Lampietti, J.A. & Dixon, J.A. 1995. To see the forest for the trees: a

guide to non-timber benefits. Environment Department Paper No. 13.

Washington, DC, World Bank.

Leakey, R.R.B. Domestication potential of Prunus africana (Pygeum) in

sub-Saharan Africa. UNESCO/UNEP workshop on biodiversity conservation

and utilization, 24-28 July 1995, Nairobi, Kenya. 13 pp. (in press)

Leakey, R.R.B. & Jaenicke, H. The domestication of indigenous fruit trees:

opportunities and challenges. Proceedings of Fourth BIO-REFOR

Workshop, Tampere, Finland. 20 pp. (in press)

Lebbie, A.R. & Guries, R.P. 1995. Ethnobotanical value and conservation of

sacred groves of the Kpaa Mende in Sierra Leone. Econ. Bot., 49(3):


Lemieux, G. 1995. Le bois raméal pour rebâtir les sols. Agriculture, 52(1):


Lintu, L. 1995. Marketing non-wood forest products in developing countries.

Unasylva, 183: 37-41.

Macarthur, R.S. 1994. The cork oaks and cork: a New Zealand perspective.

Blenheim, New Zealand, Blenheim Print.

Maghembe, J.A., Ntupanyama, Y. & Chirwa, P.W. 1995. Improvement of

indigenous fruit trees of the miombo woodlands of southern Africa.

Nairobi, ICRAF.

Martinez, A.A., Martines Cruz, M., de Jesus Palma, F. & Cordoba, F. 1995.

Distribution, uses and some chemical characteristics of Agaveae of

Oaxaca (Mexico). Interciencia, 20(4): 14-19.

Mathur, R.B., ed. 1995. Proceedings of the International Seminar on

Management of Minor Forest Products, Dehra Dun, 13-15 November 1994.

Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India.

McSweeney, K. 1995. The cohune palm (Orbignya cohune, Arecaceae) in Belize:

a survey of uses. Econ. Bot., 49(2): 162-171.

Mendelsohn, R. & Balick, M. 1995. The value of undiscovered pharmaceuticals

in tropical forests. Econ. Bot., 49(2): 223-228.

Mizuno, T., ed. 1995. Special issue on mushrooms: the versatile fungus -

food and medicinal properties. Chemistry, biochemistry, biotechnology and

utilization. Food Reviews International, 11(1). 236 pp.

Murrieta, J.R. & Pinzón Rueda, R., eds. 1995. Extractive reserves. IUCN

Forest Conservation Programme.

Nepal, S.K. & Weber, K.E. 1995. Prospects for coexistence: wildlife and

local people. Ambio, 24(4): 238-245.

Nasendi, B.D. 1994. Socio-economic information on rattan in Indonesia.

INBAR Working Paper No. 2. New Delhi, INBAR. 18 pp.

Nicholson, K. 1995. Income generation through production of handicrafts and

non-timber forest products. Draft technical report, 2nd ed. Franklin, West

Virginia, USA, The Mountain Institute.

Nshubemuki, L. & Mugasha, A.G. 1995. Chance discoveries and germplasm

conservation in Tanzania: some observations on "reserved" trees. Environ.

Conservation, 22(1): 51-55.

Ocampo, R. 1994. Domesticación de plantas medicinales en Centroamérica.

Turrialba, Costa Rica, CATIE.

Ortiz, E. 1995a. Survival in a nutshell. Américas, September/October: 7-17.

Washington, DC, Organization of American States.

Ortiz, E. 1995b. Ecoempresa de base. Medio Ambiente, April/May: 20-21.

Osborn, P.L. 1995. Biological and cultural diversity in Papua New Guinea:

conservation, conflicts, constraints and compromise. Ambio, 24(4): 231-237.

Paoletti, M., Dreon, L. & Lorenzoni, G.G. 1995. Pistic, traditional food

from western Friuli, N.E. Italy. Econ. Bot., 49(1): 26-30.

Paz y Miño, G., Balslev, H. & Valecia, R. 1995. Useful lianas of the

Siona-Secova Indians from Amazonian Ecuador. Econ. Bot., 49(3): 269-275.

Peaman, P. 1995. An agenda for conservation research and its application,

with a case study from Amazonian Ecuador. Environ. Conservation, 22(1):


Pinheiro, C.U.B. & Ferro Frazao, J.M. 1995. Integral processing of babassu

palm (Orbignya phalerata, Arecaceae) fruits: village level production in

Maranhao, Brazil. Econ. Bot., 49(1): 31-39.

Poffenberger, M. & Sarin, M. 1995. Fiber grass from forest land. Society

and Natural Resources, 8: 219-230.

Reid, W. 1995a. Reversing the loss of biodiversity: an overview of

international measures. Aridlands Newsletter, 37: 16-31.

Reid, W. 1995b. Biodiversity and health: prescription for progress.

Environment, 37(6).

Reid, W.V. et al., eds. 1995. Biodiversity prospecting: using genetic

resources for sustainable development. Washington, DC, World Resources


Richmond, G.S. & Ghisalberti, E. 1995. Cultural, food, medicinal uses and

potential applications of Myoporum species (Myoporaceae). Econ. Bot., 49(3):


Riezebos, E., Vooren, A. & Guillaumet, E., eds. 1994. Le Parc National de

Taï, Côte d'Ivoire I. Synthèse des connaissances II. Bibliographie.

Tropenbos Series 8. Leiden, the Netherlands, Backhuys Publishers.

Rivera, D. & Obón, C. 1995. The ethnopharmacology of Madeira and Porto

Santo Islands, a review. J. Ethnopharmacology, 46(2): 73-93.

Rodríguez, E. & West, J.E. 1995. International research on biomedicines

from the tropical rainforest. Interciencia, 20(4): 140-143.

Román de la Vega, C.F. 1995. Principales productos forestales no maderables

de México. México DF, México, Universidad Autónoma Chapingo.

Ros-Tonen, M., Dijkman, W. & Lammerts van Bueren, E. 1995. Commercial and

sustainable extraction of non-timber forest products.

Wageningen, the Netherlands, The Tropenbos Foundation.

Schmutterer, H. 1995. Neem tree: source of unique natural products for

integrated pest management and medicinal, industrial and other purposes.

Germany, VCH Verlagsgesellschaft Weinheim. 680 pp.

Sequeira, V. 1994. Medicinal plants and conservation in Sao Tome.

Biodiversity and Conservation, 3: 9.

Sheriff, P.A., compiler. 1994. Spices bibliography. J. Spices and Aromatic

Crops, 3(1): 56-97.

Shiembo, P.N., Newton, A.C. & Leakey, R.R.B. Vegetative propagation of

Ricinodendron heulelotii, a West African fruit tree. J. Tropical Forest Sci.

(in press)

Shiembo, P.N., Newton, A.C. & Leakey, R.R.B. Vegetative propagation of

Irvingia gabonensis, a West African fruit tree. Forest Ecology and

Management. (in press)

Shim, P.S. 1995. Domestication and improvement of rattan. INBAR Working

Paper No. 5. New Delhi, INBAR/FORTIP.

Singh, K.K. 1994. Ethnobotanical heritage of the Tharu tribe of Uttar

Pradesh, India. Applied Botany Abstracts, 14(2): 97-113.

Sisir, K. Saha. 1995. Physiochemical study of lac from three insect

species. Trop. Sci., 35(1): 13-16.

Sittenfeld, A. & Artuso, A. 1995. A framework for biodiversity prospecting:

the INBio Experience. Aridlands Newsletter, 37: 8-11.

Sizer, N. & Rice, R. 1995. Backs to the wall in Suriname: forest policy in

a country in crisis. Washington, DC, World Resources Institute.

Sözen, N. 1995. Seeking new approaches for tourism along the Mediterranean.

MEDIT 6, (2): 11-18.

Stiles, D. 1994. Tribals and trade, a strategy for cultural and ecological

survival. Ambio, 23(2): 106-111.

Studstrod, J.E. & Wegge, P. 1995. Park-people relationships: the case of

damage caused by park animals around the Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal.

Environ. Conservation, 22(2): 133-142.

Sudarsanam, G. & Prasad, G.S. 1995. Medical ethnobotany of plants used as

antidotes by Yanadi tribes in South India. J. Herbs, Spices and Medicinal

Plants, 3(1): 57-66.

Thrupp, L.A., Bergeron, G. & Waters, W. 1995. Bitter-sweet harvest for

global supermarkets: challenges in Latin America's agricultural export boom.

Washington, DC, WRI.

Timmerman, B. & Hutchinson, B. 1995. Biodiversity prospecting in the

drylands of Chile, Argentina and Mexico. Aridlands Newsletter, 37: 12-15.

Toledo, V.M., Batis, A.I., Becerra, R., Martines, E. & Ramos, C. H. 1995.

The useful forest: quantitative ethnobotany of the indigenous groups of the

humid tropics of Mexico. Interciencia, 20(4): 177-187.

Townson, I.M. 1995a. Forest products and household incomes: a review and

annotated bibliography. Oxford, UK, Oxford Forestry Institute and


Townson, I.M. 1995b. Incomes from non-timber forest products: patterns of

enterprise activity in the forest zone of southern Ghana. Oxford, UK,

Oxford Forestry Institute.

Udoh, A.P., Effiong, R.I. & Edem, D.O. 1995. Nutrient composition of

dogwhelk (Thais cattifera), a protein source for humans. Trop. Sci., 35(1):


Uphadyay, A.V. 1995. Promotion of medicinal and aromatic plants.

GCP/NEP/049/NET Project Working Paper No. 16. Kathmandu,


Wagner, J. 1994. The ethnobotany of four villages in Zhemgang Dzongkhag.

Zhemgang, Bhutan, Save the Children Federation/USA.

Wibe, S. 1995. Non-wood benefits in forestry: a survey of valuation

studies. UN-ECE/FAO Timber and Forest Discussion Papers. Geneva, Switzerland.

Youngquist, J.A., English, B.E., Scharmer, R.C., Chow, P. & Shook, S.R.

Literature review on use of non-wood plant fibers for building materials

and panels. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report FPL-GTR-80.

Zhu Shilin, Ma Naixun & Fu Maoyi. (no date). Compendium of Chinese bamboos.

China Forestry Publishing House.


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Date Last Modified: 4 August 1998